words

Learn Chinese with Peanuts

跳舞 ( tiào wǔ) – dance

dance.jpg
若有人结婚, 我要在婚礼跳舞!
Ruò yǒurén jiéhūn, wǒ yào zài hūnlǐ tiàowǔ!
If anyone has a wedding, I want to dance at it!

跳 (tiào) – jump

jump
绳子不会跳! Shéngzi bù huì tiào! The rope can’t jump!

***

今天早上我和爸爸比赛跳绳,爸爸先跳,妈妈记时数数,爸爸一分钟跳了128个,该我上场了,爸爸数数,妈妈记时,我这次没有失误,一分钟跳了145个,我的心砰砰乱跳,都快蹦出来了,妈妈弃权了,我成了全家中的第一名,,我好开心。

 

 

唱歌 (chàng gē) – sing

activities
我们唱歌,画图  Wǒmen chànggē, huàtú   We sing songs, paint pictures

我们听故事, 用蜡笔插颜色, 我们休息, 我们吃东西, 玩游戏
wǒmen tīng gùshì, yòng làbǐ chā yánsè, wǒmen xiūxí, wǒmen chī dōngxī, wán yóuxì
We listen to stories, color with crayons, we rest, we eat, play games

我们玩得很愉快!    wǒmen wán dé hěn yúkuài!    We have a good time!

每个孩子都 应该去幼稚园!
Měi gè háizi dōu yīnggāi qù yòuzhìyuán!
Every child should go to kindergarten!

answers

我对生命有很多问题,可是我却找不到答案
Wǒ duì shēngmìng yǒu hěnduō wèntí, kěshì wǒ què zhǎo bù dào dá’àn

我要一些很直接清楚的答案…
Wǒ yào yīxiē hěn zhíjiē qīngchǔ de dá’àn…

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Designer: YAT PIT

Yat Pit (meaning “the first stroke” in Cantonese) makes Chinese fashion – but not as you know it. The brand’s founders – Jason Mui and On-Ying Lai – are on a mission to “revive lost Chinese culture” and clothes are their medium.

Based in Hong Kong, the pair like to imagine how Chinese youth might dress if the Cultural Revolution hadn’t taken place. They take cues from traditional Chinese clothes to do so – garments which, from dynasty to dynasty, have maintained a similarly bulky, gender-neutral silhouette. Rooted in their love for and interest in their heritage, Lai and Mui are showing a different side to Chinese style – one that’s far from the West’s orientalist and, all too often, appropriative clichés.

Photography by Ren Hang

(Via Dazed)

Plural form

 

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们 ( men )

 

我  I; me          我们   we

你  you             你们  you (plural)

他  he               他们  they

她                      她们  they

 

 

 

Chinese self-introduction

name

Peanuts

是的老师? 我的名字?Shì de lǎoshī? Wǒ de míngzì?  Yes teacher? My name?

我叫萨莉布朗,我讨厌学校!Wǒ jiào sà lì bùlǎng, wǒ tǎoyàn xuéxiào!  My name is Sally Brown and I hate school!

 

Words & phrases

贵姓                  guìxìng    What’s your surname?

姓  (V. & N.)    xìng          surname

贵                       guì            noble

名字                   míngzi     name

叫                       jiào           to call; to be called

When asking someone’s name we say “Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?”(What is your name?) “Nín guì xìng?”(What is your honorable surname?) or “Nín zěnme chēnghu?” (How do I address you?) The last two are more polite expressions.

xìng  姓 – surname; be surnamed (S+V+O)

(verb & noun)

Nín  guìxìng?      您贵姓?     What is your surname?

Wǒ xìng Zhèng.  我姓。     My surname is Zheng.

 

A:您贵姓?

B:我姓。您?*used at the end of the question sentence

A:我姓

 

Nǐ  jiào shénme míngzi

A:你叫什么名字?

B:我叫                 

Wǒ jiào

我叫___。

 

姓王, 我姓宫。 Wǒ  bú  xìng Wáng, wǒ  xìng Zhèng.  S+不+V+O

 

Common Chinese surnames:

 

Illustrations courtesy of Chineasy.

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Particle “de” 的

 

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Source: Chineasy


Pinyin: de
Pronunciation/Stroke Order:
的: http://bit.ly/1lAbWBc

 

我 l/me                     我的     my

你 you                          你的     your

她 she                          她的     her

他 he                            他的     his

我们 we                       我们的 our

你们 you                      你们的  your

他们 they                    他们的 their

 

的 is a combination of 白 (white) and 勹 (to wrap up) with an extra small stroke inside the 勹 . 的 is the most frequently used Chinese character because it has many usages, including ‘of’ or indicate possession, like 我的 (my), 你的 (your) or 媽媽的 (mother’s), for example. Moreover, 的 can even act as a past-tense marker when combining with the character 是.

If you are a more advanced Chinese learner, here is a challenge for you: use 的 to make some phrases using its two main meanings: “of” and “‘s” (possession).

 

Questions

  1. Yes or no questions

Statement + 吗

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吗 (ma) question particle for forming a yes/no question

你好 Nǐ hǎo
你好吗?Nǐ hǎo ma?  (How are you?)

你是老师吗?Nǐ shì lǎoshī ma?  (Are you a teacher?)

你是中国人吗?Nǐ shì zhōngguó rén ma?  (Are you Chinese?)

他也是中国人吗? Tā yě shì Zhōngguó rén ma?  Is he Chinese too?

你们都说汉语吗?Nǐmen dōu shuō Hànyǔ ma?   Do you all speak Chinese?

你爱我吗?Nǐ ài wǒ ma?  (Do you love me ?)

 

A:你是中国人吗?

B: , 我不是中国人。

 

2. Choice question

A. V不V…?

您是不是中国人? Nín shì bu shì Zhōngguó rén?   Are you Chinese or not?

他是不是中国人? Tā shì bu shì Zhōngguó rén?   Is he Chinese or not?

你们说不说汉语? Nǐmen shuō bu shuō Hànyǔ?   Do you speak Chinese or not?

 

你爱我吗? =   你爱不爱我?

你是老师吗?=   你是不是老师?

你是克罗地亚人吗? =  你是不是克罗地亚人?  Yes or no; whether or not

 

你说克罗地亚语吗?

说不说克罗地亚语?

 

B. X 还是 Y ?  háishì (or)

 

(1)你是加拿大人还是美国人?

Nǐ shì Jiānádà rén háishì Měiguó rén?

Are you Canadian or American?

 

(2)你说英语还是(说)法语?

Nǐ shuō Yīngyǔ háishì (shuō) Fǎyǔ?

Do you speak English ot French?

 

你说克罗地亚语还是说德语?

你是克罗地亚人还是意大利人?

 

C. Questions with a question word.

(1)你是哪国人? Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén?   What’s your nationality?

(2)你姓什么?     Nǐ xìng shénme?   What’s your name?

(3)你叫什么名字? Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?   What’s your name?

 

D. Questions of shortened form ending with “呢”(ne)

  1. + ne?

meaning  “how about/what about…”

(1)  A: 您是中国人吗?            Nín shì Zhōngguó rén ma?

B: 我是中国人。 你呢?   Wǒ shì Zhōngguó rén. Nǐ ne?

A:我是加拿大人。          Wǒ shì Jiānádà rén.

(2)  A: 你叫什么名字?          Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?

B: 我叫江山。你呢?        Wǒ jiào Jiāng Shān. Nǐ ne?

A:我叫白小红。              Wǒ jiào Bái Xiǎohóng.

(3)  A: 你说英语还是法语?  Nǐ shuō Yīngyǔ háishì shuō Fǎyǔ?

B: 我说英语。你呢?      Wǒ shuō Yīngyǔ. Nǐ ne?

C: 我也说英语。              Wǒ yě shuō Yīngyǔ.

 

Question sentences

你是中国人吗?

你叫什么名字?

你是不是老师?

 

Nǐ    nǎ guó rén?

(1)你_哪国人?

Nǐ xìng?

(2)你姓_ _?

Nǐ jiào       míngzi?

(3)你叫_ _名字?

 

Complete the sentences with the word given,

shì     shuō    xìnɡ    jiào

是       说         姓      叫

1.tā      nǎ

他___哪 国  人  ?

2.wǒ    Mǎ

我___马 。

3.tā              mínɡ zi

他___什 么 名  字 ?

4.tā bú     Hàn yǔ

她 不___汉  语 。

 

 

Nǐ shì Jiānádà rén       Měiguó rén?

(1)你是加拿大人_ _美国人?

Nǐ shuō Yīngyǔ      (shuō) Fǎyǔ?

(2)你说英语_ _(说)法语?